Prerequisites before starting on Homework 3:
1) For those that have done it incorrectly, take out the main method from your Student class and put it in a new class. (That means, create a new class and put the main method in it) Name it appropriately.
2) Secondly, if you have done it incorrectly, put all the code you have used to generate data outside the Student class. That means, there should NOT be any code inside your Student class that randomize the GPA, the venus login, etc.
Instructions for Homework 3:
1) Create a new project called Homework3 and import the 'correct version' (that means you need to make the changes listed in prerequisites above) of Homework 2 into your new project. There should be two new classes and/or two files. One class should be called Student and the other should be called appropriately. I recommend names like StudentGenerator or StudentDriver.
2) Create a new class called Date. This class should have three attributes of integer type: year, month, day. In this new class:
i) Create an empty/default constructor (No parameters/arguments). In the constructor, initialize the year, month, and day to January 1 st , 1950.
ii) Create an overloaded constructor that accepts the following parameters in the exact order: (You are not allowed to change the name. Points will be deducted if you dont use this name)
a) day (integer type)
b) month (integer type)
c) year (integer type)
Initialize all of the attributes of the Date object using the passed in parameters specified above.
3) Create/Insert a new attribute in your Student class called birthDate (of type Date).
4) Change the CUNYID attribute in your Student class to ID instead.
5) Lastly, make your Student class abstract.
6) Create a new class called QueensCollegeStudent that 'inherits' from the Student class.
[Checkpoint: ] By now, you should have a total of 4 classes. (Date, Student, QueensCollegeStudent, StudentGenerator/Driver - The class that host your main method )
7) Move the venusLogin attribute from the Student class to QueensCollegeStudent class. (That means, delete venusLogin in Student class and insert it into the QueensCollegeStudent class)
8) Create the get accessors for all your attributes in both classes. E.g., the getFirstName() method should return only the first name of the student.
9) Create a new class called MyInvalidDateException that inherits from the Exception class.
i) Create an empty/default constructor and make it call the base class constructor
ii) Create an overloaded constructor that accepts a String object and make it call the base class constructor with the same argument type.
[Checkpoint: ] At this point you should have a total of 5 classes. (Date, Student, QueensCollegeStudent, MyInvalidDateException, StudentGenerator/Driver)
10) Modify the overloaded constructor in Date class so that it will now check whether the passed in parameters are correct (Recall that each month have different day. The month of January have 31 days while the month of February has 28 days if it is not a leap year and 29 days if it is a leap year. Learn how to formulate this problem appropriately).
Throw a MyInvalidDateException if the date is incorrect.
11) In your Student class, modify the overloaded constructor so that it accepts the following parameters:
i. firstName, (String type)
ii. lastName, (String type)
iii. ID, (integer type)
iv. GPA, (double type)
v. year, (integer type)
vi. month, (integer type)
vii. day (integer type)
If you have done Homework 2, the only code you need to add is to instantiate a date object for your birthDate attribute using year, month and day parameters. Make sure you use the try catch block to handle the MyInvalidDateException thrown by the Dates overloaded constructor.
If an invalid date is given and its exception caught, just instantiate a date object using the default/empty constructor.
12) Now, in your QueensCollegeStudent class, create only one constructor that accepts the following parameters:
viii. firstName, (String type)
ix. lastName, (String type)
x. ID, (integer type)
xi. GPA, (double type)
xii. year, (integer type)
xiii. month, (integer type)
xiv. day, (integer type)
xv. venusLogin (String type)
In this constructor, call the base class constructor and pass in all the values EXCEPT venusLogin.
Initialize venusLogin attribute of the QueensCollegeStudent class using the given venusLogin parameter value.
[As you are doing this exercise, note that the bulk of the work is in the Student class and the QueensCollegeStudent class is just using what Student has. Think about how tedious and error-prone it is if you have to create a separate student class for different colleges. Also note that venusLogin does not make sense in the abstract Student class but does make sense in the QueensCollegeStudent class]
13) Finally, modify the code in your main method to now include the randomization for birthDate (year, month and day). At minimum, you should allow one QueensCollegeStudent object to have a birthdate on Feb 29 in a leap year.
Everything else should remain in place (Recall that you were supposed to be doing your randomization of data and construction of venusLogin OUTSIDE your Student class.) Remember to modify your Student array object in your main method to now use QueensCollegeStudent or else your code will not compile! (Remember, you get a BIG ZERO if it does not compile.)
Remember all the object-oriented design principles you are taught in class. Throughout your program, you need to demonstrate that you understand these concepts. That means, you need to decide when or where something should be private, public, or protected. Your logic and design has to be sound. (Recall how it does not make sense that a stranger in the street have access to your 'private' attributes just to get your name. E.g., instead of allowing a stranger to reach out in your pocket/handbag to get your wallet in order to look at your ID, you will instead just give them your name in a different way through a 'public' interface called SpeakName()).
Also, we will reuse the code that you do in Homework 3 for Homework 4. That means, if you do this right (proper object oriented design), you will have very little changes needed. That means, it pays to design it correctly.
I know the book uses lower camelcase for all methods, but for the purpose of this class, use Upper CamelCase for all your methods that does not return its actual attributes so that it will look different whenever you see something that is encapsulated. This should raise an alert to warn you that what you see is not necessarily what it seems underneath. This will greatly help you as you progress into harder problems and during debugging. Without a good system like this, you will spend a lot of time just to locate your problems